Reasons for Male Infertility

If a couple is having unprotected sex for over a year and are unable to conceive naturally, it is qualified as infertility. It is on the rise and on an average 15-20% of couples are infertile. Out of these, about 20% of infertility issues could be andrological (male) infertility.

Male infertility is due to low sperm production, abnormal sperm production or blockages which prevent the delivery of sperm. Illnesses, injuries, chronic health problems and lifestyles choices are other factors responsible for male infertility.

Infertility in a couple indicates that either of the partners may be infertile. There is really no other obvious sign or symptom. In some cases, however, an underlying problem such as an inherited disorder, hormonal imbalance, dilated veins around the testicle, or a condition that blocks the passage of sperm may cause signs and symptoms.

Male infertility signs and symptoms may include:

  • The inability to have a child
  • Problems with sexual function e.g. Difficulty with ejaculation, reduced sexual desire or erectile dysfunction
  • Pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle area
  • Recurrent respiratory infections
  • Decreased facial or body hair or other signs of a chromosomal or hormonal abnormality
  • Having a lower than normal sperm count (fewer than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen or a total sperm count of less than 39 million per ejaculate

You need a doctor's intervention if you have:

  • Been unable to conceive a child after a year of regular, unprotected sexual intercourse
  • Erection or ejaculation problems, low sex drive, or other problems with sexual function
  • Pain, discomfort, a lump or swelling in the testicle area
  • A history of testicle, prostate or sexual problems
  • Had groin, testicle, penis or scrotum surgery

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