In vitro fertilization (IVF)

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a procedure in which a fertility doctor will remove one or more eggs from the ovaries that are then fertilized by sperm inside the embryology laboratory. IVF is the most successful treatment you can do using your own eggs and sperm (or donor sperm). IVF has become mainstream in India and widely accepted, and continues to grow due to significant technological advances. Bloom IVF is a market leader in performing successful IVF treatment in India.

Common indications for IVF treatment

Once diagnostic testing is complete, your fertility doctor will review your treatment options. Many patients are surprised to learn that IVF is not their only treatment option. However, IVF would be the first line of treatment for patients with the following conditions:

Tubal disease or tubal ligation: If a patient has a tubal ligation, IVF treatment would be the best treatment option since it bypasses the Fallopian tubes to achieve pregnancy.

Severe male factor infertility: If the semen analysis shows there are not enough healthy sperm to be successful with more basic treatment, such as intrauterine insemination (IUI), then IVF treatment can help patients overcome male factor infertility.

With IVF treatment, an advanced method of fertilization known as intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) can be performed in the lab. With ICSI, only one healthy sperm is needed for each egg.

Endometriosis: For women who have this condition, their endometrial tissue (the tissue lining the inside of the uterus) grows outside of the uterus. The endometrial tissue can attach to other organs in the abdominal cavity, such as the ovaries and the Fallopian tubes. IVF is recommended for these patients.

Recurrent miscarriage: Recurrent miscarriage, also called recurrent pregnancy loss, is defined as two or more consecutive clinical pregnancy losses before 20 weeks gestation. It is important to consider clinical pregnancies rather than biochemical pregnancies, as biochemical pregnancies are usually not included in a diagnosis of recurrent pregnancy loss.

Patients with other diagnoses may start with basic, mild treatments like hormone therapies or IUI and then transition to IVF, if needed.

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